Welcome to the series Why You Should See a Pain Management Psychiatrist.
People with pain also develop psychiatric disorders. For example, depression (8-50% of patients with pain), anxiety (19-50%), PTSD (10%), sleep disturbance (50% or more), and drug and alcohol problems (3-19%) are common in patients with pain. Let’s look at some important issues related to treating these problems.
1. Identifying symptoms
To be able to treat psychiatric symptoms, they first have to be identified. Your medical doctor should be asking about these common symptoms and referring you for treatment if appropriate. You should also report if you’re having such symptoms. Don’t be embarrassed or feel like you’re complaining. Getting help is important!
2. Taking symptoms seriously
If you’re having significant depression, anxiety or other symptoms, it’s important to report these to start to get treatment for them. These symptoms should not be dismissed as, Of course you have depression, it’s because of your pain. Chronic pain does not automatically mean depression, anxiety and disturbed sleep. There’s treatment for these symptoms! And they should be treated!
3. Treat all the disorders that are present
We know that if a psychiatric problem is present along with pain, it’s crucial to treat both. Treating just 1 doesn’t make the other go away. For example, if someone has depression and pain, treating just pain doesn’t necessarily mean the depression will go away. And sometimes neither gets better unless you treat both.
There are both therapies and medications to treat nearly all psychiatric diseases. Medication should be used only along with therapy. Unless symptoms are severe, I strongly recommend trying therapy first, before medication, to see if just therapy alone can work. There are times, when psychiatric symptoms are severe, that both will be started together, but that’s less common. Most people with pain disorders are already on several medications and have side effects, so trying non-medication treatment first makes sense.